Menstrual periods are a fact of life that we have to face each month. However, unlike most people's perception, menstrual periods are not the same for everyone. For some women, they come on time each month while for others; they are frequently late and irregular. For some, there is very little bleeding lasting for no more than three or four days. But for some, the menstrual period can last longer, for almost a week with heavy flow as well. This condition is called Menorrhagia and is very common in women.
There are many causes for Menorrhagia in women. One of the most common of these is an imbalance in the body's hormones. This changes the flow of blood during the period and if not treated, can last for very long and cause weakness in the body. Some other heavy menstrual periods causes are growth of fibroids and polyps in the uterine region. Problems with the endometrial cells can also contribute to the heavy flow during menstruation. However, some other causes are a deficiency in Vitamin K, lupus, pelvic diseases and hyper-thyroidism. There are many other smaller causes that can lead to heavy menstrual periods. Recent use of prescription drugs, poor nutrition and the occurrence of Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome are sometimes the cause because of their tendency to disturb the regular menstrual cycle. The only way however, to understand the cause is through a complete medical check-up.
The symptoms of heavy menstrual periods are mostly easy to spot. It is characterised by heavy bleeding since the first day of the period and does not reduce till the last day, after which it may continue as spotting for almost up to a week. It can also be accompanied by severe pain during periods and an irregular rhythm as well. If one experiences any of these, they should immediately consult their gynaecologist and seek treatment at once.
Treatment for Menorrhagia is simple and can be implemented quickly. There are different kinds of treatments, ranging from the herbal to a whole course of medicines. Still, a treatment can only be effective if the correct cause of Menorrhagia has been discovered well in time. Any treatment for the same aims to cut down on the flow during periods and keep the patient in comfort during this time. If the bleeding happens due to a polyp or fibroid, then surgery is the fastest treatment.
For hormonal imbalances and other such diseases, a course of hormone – control medicines are sufficient. However, if in a rare case it happens to the problem of haemophilia, a long-term treatment is sought which can implemented with ease and not interfere with daily life. Exercise and a good diet are also of great help.
Having heavy menstrual periods can be a difficult time for anybody. If you feel the onset of such a problem, it is best to contact your doctor immediately and undergo a full medical examination at the soonest and get the best medical treatment available.