Genital herpes is a form of STD, which is caused by the herpes simplex virus (type 1 and type 2). HSV -1 can cause genital herpes in which, the infections can be caused to the mouth and lips. These are mostly found in the form of fever blisters. Genital herpes infection is mostly caused by HSV-2 and it can have many symptoms in human body or sometimes, it is found in human body without any symptom.
The sore of the disease may be tender blisters, which can break and take almost four weeks to heal. If a person has a low immunity, the viral infection can occur in other parts of the body such as eyes, and herpes can make people more infectious, who have low immunity (such as people suffering from HIV).
The second outbreak of symptoms may happen after months of first infection, but the second infection can be less severe as compared to the first infection. Herpes can stay in body without any symptoms, but it can be passed on to other person.
1. It can be caused by coming in contact with the infected person.
2. It can be passed from one person to other through open sores.
3. One can get infected without having an intercourse.
4. It can stay for long in people, who have a poor immune system and symptoms are visible in two weeks of coming in contact with the infected person. The symptoms can stay for two to three weeks.
1. Burning sensation in the genitals
3. Swollen glands
4. Vaginal discharge
5. Feeling of pressure in the stomach
6. Pain in legs, genital area and buttocks
7. Headache, muscle aches
8. Outbreak of sores or ulcers in the form of red bumps
The patient can be diagnosed by looking at the sores and the sore can be tested in lab. In certain cases, the problem is difficult to diagnose and blood tests are done to find the antibodies. People who do not have any symptoms but have the infection can be tested through blood test.
1. There is not cure for genital herpes and if a person is infected by the virus, the infection may come back any time in his or her life.
2. Suppressive is used to decrease the recurrence frequency of the infection.
3. Genital herpes cannot be removed from the body of an infected person. The virus stays in the body but there are certain antiviral drugs, which can be taken to prevent passing the infection to other person.
4. To prevent the infection from spreading to other parts of the body, the infected area should be kept clean and dry.
5. One should not touch the sores.
6. The infected person should wash the hands after touching the sores.
7. The infection can be prevented from spreading by avoiding sexual contact, once the person notices infection.
8. Person suffering from infection should wear comfortable loose cotton clothes and not use anti-bacterial soaps. Avoid staying in sunlight for long.