Edema refers to swelling. Edema occurs due to the fluid on the tissue of the body. It normally occurs in the ankles, feet and legs and it can also take place at any part of your body. Edema can also occur at the time of pregnancy. The main thing is to recognize and treat the edema before it gets severe. Edema is also the result, when the small blood vessels in the body leak the fluid. These leakages are possible only when there are some damages caused or pressure in the capillaries. Mild edema takes place because of sitting for too long or consuming more amount of salty food. It is also a normal symptom of pre menstruation. A pregnant woman maintains fluids more than normal, which further results in swelling of the hands, face and feet.
The other name of edema is oedema. Oedema occurs when there is a swelling in other parts of the body because of fluid retention. Edema affects the lower part of the body like foot, ankles etc. This disorder is cured very slowly and increases the probability of skin infection, affect circulation of blood and result in pain. Oedema is not a disease but a symptom, which indicates that something is wrong with the body. Edema is caused due to water, which gets trapped in the tissues. It can also affect the hands and face. Edema is not an infectious disease. Some important causes of edema are as follows.
1. Liver disease
2. Heart failure
4. Kidney disease
5. Less amount of protein in the blood
7. Starving for a longer period
8. Thyroid disorder
9. Fragile veins
11. Heat and hot weather
12. Menstrual cycles and etc.
There are certain symptoms of edema, which includes non-inflammatory swelling in the body. When the swollen area is pressed it becomes hollow and it vanishes after sometime. The appearance of the edema would be stretched and shiny. Pushing softly the swollen area will form a dimple. Edema caused for a longer period causes cavity. Other common symptoms of Edema is high blood pressure, headaches, frequent urination, tenderness in hands and wrists, swollen eyes and you will also observe some weight gain. There are also certain steps available to improve the condition of edema. You can put a pillow under the legs while lying.
There are certain home remedies that are found to be effective in treating oedema. Given below are the recommended home remedies for edema.
1. A balanced diet is always advisable to treat any type of disease. Eat foods that are low in carbohydrates as it contains more of water.
2. As salt makes the body to retain water, thus it is better to ignore salty foods.
3. It is always advisable to consume foods that are rich in protein and fats. Do not have fruits and vegetables as it increases the fluid in the body.
4. Regular workouts are very useful in this condition and to continue physical activity.