Morning sickness is a common problem in pregnant women and it indicates a normal pregnancy. Many believe women who are carrying twins or triplets suffer from more nausea and vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy. After thirteen weeks of pregnancy, morning sickness goes away but every woman has a different experience and it also depends on diet and lifestyle.
There is no known cause of morning sickness and earlier it was considered a psychological condition, but women there are certain assumptions:
1. Changes in body hormones and release of progesterone can cause morning sickness. The hormone softens the muscles and relaxes the muscles of the digestive system. It slows the work of the digestive track to prevent elimination of excess food from the body and this can cause stomach acids, which cause nausea and vomiting.
2. Morning sickness is linked to the production of HCG hormone, which helps in implantation of the foetus and until the implantation takes place the mother suffers from morning sickness.
3. Many women suffer from nausea during pregnancy, which can be caused due to increased level of estrogens hormone during the first trimester of pregnancy and when the hormone level reduces, nausea reduces.
4. Infection in the Gastrointestinal tract can cause vomiting because during pregnancy the gastrointestinal tract becomes more sensitive to infection and women, who have stomach infection caused by helicobacter pylori, may suffer from excess nausea and vomiting.
5. Other cause linked to nausea is reduction in blood sugar level and it can cause even fainting in pregnant women.
Women who at high risk of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy:
1. Nausea and vomiting can be hereditary and women whose mother suffered from such condition may have more vomiting.
2. Women carrying multiples foetuses are at a high risk.
3. Women carrying girl may suffer from excess vomiting.
4. Women who suffered nausea or vomiting on taking contraceptive pills.
5. Women who previously suffered from motion sickness or migraines.
1. Morning sickness has no effect on the growth of the baby but severe prolonged vomiting can be damaging and not having a morning sickness, is not a problem .It is caused as a reaction of the body to the changes in hormones and but sometimes if the placenta is not developing properly, the mother may have a low secretion of hormones and a low morning sickness.
2. Women who vomit a lot, loose a lot of fluid and it can cause dehydration in the body of the woman and the condition is called hyperemesis gravidarum. Women suffering from dehydration should immediately take medical help.
3. If a woman vomits three to four times in day and she losses weight and in case the vomit contains blood or it has some brown color substance, you should immediately meet the doctor.
The medical practitioner will test the urine and confirm the symptoms to diagnose the problem and give medicines to prevent excess vomiting. Do not take medicines for vomiting or nausea without consulting a doctor.