Mammary glands of the breasts provide milk to the new born baby and lactation is a procedure, where the mother provides milk to the baby to give her nourishment. A newborn is aware of the phenomena of sucking but the mother should be aware of the best postures to give the breastfeed to the baby to prevent damage to busts tissues and to satisfy the baby.
Mother's milk is best source of nutrition to the new born and doctors recommend it for at least the first six months as only mother's milk can fulfill the requirement of baby. Once the baby starts taking food from external sources, the dependence on mother's milk reduces but to improve the immunity and to protect the baby from various diseases. It is advised to give mother's feed for two years.
1. The breast and nipples should be cleaned with water to allow proper hygiene. Do not use chemicals or soaps, which contain harmful substances on the nipples.
2. Prevent the nipples from gathering excess moisture because it can become a breeding ground for bacteria and viruses. In case of any cuts or injury to the nipples, the lactating mother may suffer from bacterial infection, which can result in secretion of pus or blood from the nipples. Infections to busts can also cause soreness and pain. To prevent infections, lactating mothers should prevent nipple cracking and if the baby bites the nipples (which happens when the baby starts getting the first pair of teethes), you can stop giving her breastfeed.
3. Position of lactation is important because it can cause stretching, and it can even be discomforting to the baby. While you are giving lactation to the baby, it should not be held too low on the thighs as it can force the baby to pull the nipples towards her. You can keep the baby in arms held up close to the nipples or in a lie down position.
4. Sometimes, mother may suffer from pain when the milk ducts are blocked. Keep changing the two sides as you give lactation. If the baby sucks from one side and the side gets empty, it may harm the tissues. Shifting sides prevents stretching of one side and it reduces sagginess.
5. Lactating mother should take a diet rich in calcium and vitamins to provide it to the baby through her milk. Mother may need supplement of certain vitamins to give complete nutrition for the baby. If the mother lacks vitamin D, she may have to take it by going out in direct sunlight.
6. Lactating mothers may use creams or gel on the nipples to prevent dryness, and there are many herbal moisturizing creams available at stores, which are harmless to lactating mothers.
7. Always wear a supporting cotton bra to avoid loosening of tissues during lactation. The breast size may increase after pregnancy and you can buy bra having many hooks on the back, to provide support to the busts.