Breast augmentation is a surgery performed by plastic surgeon to increase the size of the breasts or to give them a fuller look. The shape and size of breasts change with age, mastectomy, childbirth, weight loss and lactation etc. There can be many reasons for surgery such as to improve the shape or size, get a bouncy look and feel etc.
There are two types of implants: Silicone gel implants and Saline implants. The silicone gel was in use since 1962 but in 1995, patients claimed a series of medical problems caused by the implants and the silicone implants production was halted by the major producers Dow Corning in 1995. After the incidence, FDA allowed the manufacturer of silicone gel and saline implants to carry out the surgeries but there are certain restrictions on the procedure.
The silicone implants have silicone filled thick substance like gel, which retains the shape of the busts to give it a proper shape and volume. Silicone gel implants exactly resembles the natural busts but its leakage can be harmful.
Types of incision: There are many different types of incision options such as Inframammary Incision, Periareolar Incision, Transaxillary Incision and TUBA Incision, and there are many benefits and drawbacks of each incision. One can decide the incision type depending on the choice of shape and size.
The time taken to do the surgery varies from two to four hours, and the patients are considered outpatient. The patient is given local anesthesia and medication to reduce pain of surgery.
Post surgery, the patient is closely monitored by the doctors as she recovers. The busts are tightly fixed with dressing or using a surgical bra. It is advised to wear special bras for one month after the surgery. You should not wear the underwire bra after surgery for at least a month. Post-surgery the patient is allowed to go home in a few hours but sometimes, the patient takes more time to recover and there are other personal factors, which determine the recovery time.
1. It is common to have muscle spasm as the surgery heals and the surgeon gives special garments to provide support to the new busts.
2. You may have pain and bruise in the implant area but you need to carefully examine the bruise and in case, you see anything abnormal, you should inform it to the medical practitioner.
3. The surgery can have bacterial infection and the signs of infection are redness, swelling and fever. The incision should be kept clean to prevent infections.
4. After the operation, you should be careful and use only non-alcohol based moisturizing cream on the area.
5. You should wear cotton tops to prevent pain caused by oversensitivity. Some women may have a low sensitivity in the region after operation.
6. Nipple sensation can either increase or decrease. Nipple sensation that is lost during operation sometimes comes back after some time as the nipple heals but it may take more than a months' time to properly heal.
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