Hookworms are type of roundworms nematodes but are bit smaller in size. These parasitic organisms only inhabit themselves in large intestine of mammals. There preferred mammals are dogs, cats and humans, while different species of hookworm infect different mammals.
Out of many species of hookworms only two types mostly infect humans, which are Ancylostoma Duodenale and Necator Americanus. The size of hookworm ranges between 7mm to 13mm. The most common infections of hookworm are anemia and deficiency of iron in human body.
As they totally reside in intestine of human they suck blood and iron form the walls of large intestine resulting in common symptoms of diarrhea, indigestion, constipation, vomiting and nausea. You have to note here that initial stages of hookworm infection usually have different symptoms like itching in lower part of legs or foot that is because their larvae usually travel to stratum and corneum of skin creating an itch at initial stages.
The most common symptoms of hookworm infections include anemia which leads to protein deficiency, pale complexion, tiredness, weakness, breathing problems and rapid hear beat and swelling.
At time human body being exposed to large number of larvae, makes the symptoms of chronic cough, chest pain and fever. The rigorous hookworm infection can easily lead to severe anemia, protein deficiency and even cardiac failure in some cases.
As hookworms nourish in unhygienic conditions, the best the most important prevention is to keep yourself and your environment clean. These organisms mostly make feces their home. It is very important to keep your maintain hygienic sanitary system.
Cholorisis is very well known disease caused by hookworm infection which results in very severe anemic and blood loss condition. The most common medication used for treatment for cholorisis or any other hookworm infection is Albendazole.
Since chemical composition pharmaceutical medicines equip themselves with side effects, its best that the solution of getting rid of hookworm infection is to be relied on herbal and home based remedies.
Herbs such as seed of Torreya grandis and Areca catechu, fruit of Ziziphus jujuba, root of Platycodom grandiflrum, Codonopsis pilosula and Sanguisorba officinalis are widely used for cure of hookworm infection.
Now each herb possess diverse efficacy in treatment of hookworm infection, like root of platycodom grandiflrum and codonopsis pilosula are effective for lung infections whereas sanguisorba officinalis cools blood and stops bleeding.
Seed of Torreya grandis and Areca catechu directly eliminate all kind of hookworms from your body, whereas fruit of Ziziphus jujube helps in recovery of appetite loss.
As infection results in severe anemia, other than medications, iron and protein supplements are also advised by doctors for health recovery of the patient. It is best to eat high protein diet and also use substantial amount of liquid in diet to keep your digestive system clean.
The recovery of the patient depends upon the severity of infection. Recommended medication taken two to three times daily heals the infection from 3 to 7 days, while the health recovery of the patient could take months.