Appendix is a three and a half inch long narrow tube, located on the right side of the abdomen, which goes into the intestine and it is attached to the cecum of the colon. Scientifically, appendix is called vermiform appendix and appendicitis is the condition, in which, the appendix becomes swollen and inflamed. Appendix has no function in the body and it secretes its own mucus, which keeps it clean from the waste material, which passes through the bowel, but if the appendix is inflamed, it may swell up and get filled up with pus, which blocks the blood supply to the appendix and it may even cause rupture. If the appendix breaks, it may cause infection in the abdominal cavity and in children and infants, after some hours of pain, the appendix ruptures.
It is most commonly found in children, infants and youngsters. There is no particular cause for appendicitis and it can happen to anybody. Surgery is required to remove the inflamed appendix from the body and if it is not removed on time, it may lead to peritonitis, which is a kind of inflammation found in the abdominal cavity. Appendicitis is a common problem in America, where at least one in fifteen is treated for appendicitis and it is also common in people in age group of fifteen to thirty years. Appendicitis is less common in infants below two years.
Patient suffering from appendicitis feel pain on touching the abdominal wall but if the patient is suffering from retrocecal appendix, there may not be any pain.
1. Pain in upper abdomen, sometimes, dull pain in upper right abdomen and sometimes, sharp pain in abdomen, rectum and back.
2. Pain in urination
5. Vomiting after abdominal pain
6. Swelling in abdomen
7. Difficulty in passing gas
If you have severe abdominal pain and symptom similar to the appendicitis, then you should not drink or eat, and not take medicines for pain. If the appendix raptures, the abdomen may get inflamed and doctors give drugs to control inflammation in lower abdomen. Surgery is the only way to remove appendix from the body, to reduce pain of appendix.
Appendicitis has many similarities to other health problems such as gall bladder problem, urinary tract infection, intestinal inflammation, gastritis, ovary problem and Crohn’s disease. To diagnose appendicitis doctors conduct an examination of the inflamed area. Urine test is most common form of test done to find out the infection. Blood test and CT scan can also be done to find out about the problem.
The surgery of appendix is called appendectomy, and it takes a patient not more than a week to recover from the surgery. Laparoscopy is method used to remove appendix and it is done by making three small incisions. After laparoscopy, the patient can go home in a day. Laparoscopic appendectomy is done with a small camera and if the appendix ruptures, the patient may take a week to recover.